Vist 4198 gange, downloadet 40 gange
tæt på Santiponce, Andalucía (España)
Un buen lugar para pasear por la historia de Sevilla (Hispalis) en familia.
Acceso desde Sevilla en direccion a Merida, por la carretera N-630. El Conjunto Arqueologico se encuentra a 9 Km. de Sevilla (Santiponce). Consultar horario en la web Conjunto Arqueologico de Italica
Yacimiento arqueologico de primer orden, cuna del emperador Trajano y su sucesor Adriano. Urbe romana en excavacion y en fase de investigacion.
Se recomiendan los puntos señalados Anfiteatro, cardo maximo, casa de la Exedra, mosaico de Neptuno, casa de los Pajaros, Traianeum, casa del Planetario, Termas Mayores,... y cerca del conjunto el Teatro.
Italica was the birthplace of the Roman emperor Trajan. Hadrian was generous to his settled town, which he made a colonia; he added temples, including a Trajaneum venerating Trajan, and rebuilt public buildings. Italica amphitheater seated 25,000 spectators half as many as the Flavian Amphitheatre in Rome and was the third largest in the Roman Empire. The city's Roman population at the time is estimated to have been only 8000. The games and theatrical performances funded by the local aristocracy, who filled the positions of magistrate, were a means of establishing status: the size of the amphitheater shows that the local elite was maintaining status that extended far beyond Italica itself.
The modern town of Santiponce overlies the "old city" of Republican times founded by Scipio and the pre-Roman Iberian city. The well-preserved city of ruins seen today is the nova urbs magnificently laid out under Hadrian's patronage.
A shift of the Guadalquivir River bed, probably due to siltation a widespread problem in antiquity that followed removal of the forest cover left Italica isolated, high and dry. The city started to dwindle as early as the 3rd century. Later Seville grew nearby, and no modern city covered most of Italica's foundations. The result is an unusually well-preserved Roman city of Hispania Baetica, and unexpected riches in the Museo Arqueologico of Seville, with its famous marble colossus of Trajan. In Italica, cobbled Roman streets are visible, and mosaic floors still in situ. The excavation of Italica began in 1781 and continues.